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This will become a table showing all the references in Karen Armstrong's index plus whatever other references we wish to cite. It will have links to pages where we've preserved these quotes in their entirety (obviously with appropriate credit).


Abdu, Muhammad : 295-6
Abraham : 31, 32, 34-6, 41, 84, 93, 95, 101, 117, 199
Abulafia, Abraham : 139
Adam : 27-30, 42, 44, 80, 98, 109, 122
Adams, John : 219, 235
Aeschylus : 57-8
Afghani, Jamal al-Din al- : 295
Agassiz, Louis : 244
Age of Reason : 214, 224, 228, 233-4, 236
Age of Reason, The (Paine) : 237
agnosticism : 59, 250-251, 269
agriculture : 9-10, 54, 55
Akiva, Rabbi : 79-80, 90
Alaric : 121
Albert the Great : 141
Alcibiades : 61, 64, 65
Alembert, Jean le Rond d' : 226, 227
Alexander the Great : 73
Alexander, Bishop of Alexandria : 106
Allah : 15, 99, 100, 136, 137
All's Well That Ends Well (Shakespeare) : 87
Altizer, Thomas.J. J. : 291, 313, 314
Ambrose, Bishop of Milan : 118-119
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) : 272-273
American War of Independence : 219-20, 236
Anaxagoras of Smyrna : 57, 58, 59-60
Anaximander : 51
Anaximenes : 51, 52-3
angels : 117, 151
anger : 22, 65, 125, 138
animals : 17, 27, 70, 72
animals, hunting of : 4, 5-7, 9, 11, 42-3
animals, men dressed as : 5, 6, 9
animals, sacrifice of : 6, 35, 42, 55, 56, 79
animals, Stone Age images of : 3-10
animals, "unclean" : 42-3
Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury : 109, 131-5, 139, 140, 141, 143, 146, 195, 196, 287
Antichrist : 272
anticlericalism : 212
anti-Catholicism : 252
anti-intellectualism : 236, 240
anti-Semitism : 140, 275-8
Apollo : 53
"Apology of Raymond Sebond" (Montaigne) : 175, 194
Arabi, Muid ad-Din ibn al- : 138
Arabs : 101, 141, 294
Arafat, Yassir : 299
Aristarchus of Samos : 177
Aristotelianism : 73, 141, 150-1, 176, 178, 182, 187
Aristotle : 56, 60, 70-3, 75, 105, 135, 138, 140, 143-4
Aristotle, science and rationalism of : 21, 70-2, 141, 150-1, 168, 182, 183, 185, 187
Arius : 106-9, 113, 115
Arnold, Matthew : 255
art : xii, xiv , 3-11, 117-18, 167
Aryan tribes : 11-13, 15, 16 , 19, 20, 50
astronomy : 49, 53, 135, 161, 176-87, 191-2
AtatGrk, Kemal : 297
Athanasius : 106-9, 141, 205
atheism : xv-xvii, 58, 69, 88, 133 , 187, 192, 199-200, 206-7, 210
atheism, Christian : 291
atheism, classical Western : xvi, 239-6,
atheism, early Christians accused of : xvi, 94
atheism "new" : xvi-xvii, xviii, 142, 302-9
atheism, revolution and : 225
atheism, theism at core of : xvi
atoms : 52, 53, 73-4, 192-3, 197, 264
Augustine, Bishop of Hippo : 28, 122, 118-23, 131, 132, 141, 145, 147, 152, 167, 178
Auschwitz death camp : 276-8
Avicenna (Abu Ali ibn Sina) : 136-7, 143-4
Baal : 18, 38
Babylon : 18-19, 38-9
Babylon, Israelites in : 40-2, 43, 44, 45, 46
Babylonian Talmud (Bavli) : 92-3
Bacon, Francis : 187
Baggini, Julian : 322
Baptism : 86, 97-8, 103, 127, 161-2
Barberini, Maffeo, Pope Urban VIII : 186
Barrow, Isaac : 202
Barth, Karl : 308
Basil, Bishop of Caesarea : 114, 115, 116, 207, 327-8
Bauthumely, Jacob : 201
beauty : 67, 119, 128, 231
Becquerel, Alexander-Edmond : 264
Beecher, Henry Ward : 249
Beecher, Lyman : 237, 249
Beethoven, Ludwig van : xiv
Being : 11-12, 28, 141, 147-8, 196, 279-80
belief : xv, xvi-xvii, 9, 19, 26, 45, 56, 67, 74, 87-8 , 92, 98-9, 146, 173, 174, 187, 238, 241, 290
Bellah, Robert N. : 309
Bellarmine, Robert, Cardinal : 185-6, 191
Ben Azzai, Simeon : 80-1
Benedictine monks : 130
Ben-Gurion, David : 292
Bentley, Richard : 203, 205, 207-8
Berger, Peter : 325
Bergier, Nicolas-Sylvestre : 224-5
Berulle, Pierre de, Cardinal : 193
Bible : 118, 124-5, 173
Bible, allegorical reading of : 95-6, 123
Bible, literal interpretation of : xv, 28, 94-5, 96, 122, 240, 243, 249-50
Bible, see also gospels; Hebrew Bible; New Testament; Torah :
Bible, translations of : 83, 87-8, 95, 167
"big bang" theory : 265
Bin Laden, Osama : 300, 305
biology : 70, 209, 221, 243
Blake, William : 228-9, 232, 328
blasphemy, xvi : 171, 201, 206
Blind Watchmaker, The (Dawkins) : 302
Bohr, Niels : 264, 265
Bolshevik Revolution : 270
Bonaventure, John of Fidanza : 146-9, 152
Boyle, Robert : 206-7, 209
Bradlaugh, Charles : 250
Brahe, Tycho : 179, 180
Brahman : xiv, 10, 12-13, 19-21, 23, 64, 111, 118, 282
Brahmodya competition : 13, 21, 62, 110, 125
"bricolage, " : 73, 76, 81, 83, 90, 173
Bridgman, Percy : 266
Bruno, Giordano : 179-80, 182, 185, 192, 251
Bryan, William Jennings : 272-3
Buchner, Ludwig : 254, 255, 257, 301
Buddha : xii, 23, 24, 328, 330
Buddhism : xvi, 23-4, 80, 138, 294, 324, 328
Bultmann, Rudolf : 280-1, 282, 283, 291, 307
Bunyan, John : 206
Burkert, Walter : 9
Bushnell, Horace : 245
Calvin, John : 168-9, 170, 174, 179, 274, 324
Calvinism : 172, 173, 212, 219, 274
Cambridge University, - : 222, 228, 243, 248
Campanella, Tommaso : 182
Camus, Albert : 287-8
capitalism, : xv, 166, 169, 228, 239
Cappadocian fathers : 112-17, 128, 141, 148, 152, 285, 325
Caputo, John D. : 314-17
Cardano, Geronimo : 192
Cassian, John : 96
Castro, Isaac Orobio de : 188
Catherine of Siena : 152, 153-4
Cesi, Prince Federico : 183
Chambers, Ephraim : 223
Chambers, Robert : 243-4
Chance and Necessity (Monod) : 301
charity : 99, 123, 130, 137, 249
Charles I, King of England : 201
Charles II, King of England : 201
Charles the Bald, King of the West Franks : 128
Charron, Pierre : 192
Chaucer, Geoffrey : 87
Cheyne, George : 214
Christian Philosopher, The (Mather) : 209-10
Christian Register : 271
Christianity, : xvii-xviii, 23, 26
Christianity, as Jewish sect : 78, 81-9, 92-3, 103
Christianity, atheism seen in : xvi, 94
Christianity, "born-again" : 215
Christianity, conversion to : 82-3, 84, 94, 95-6, 97-9, 103, 111, 118-19, 120, 123, 161-3
Christianity, denominational violence in : 190-1, 210, 212
Christianity, dogmatic questions and dispute in : 102, 103-10, 113-18
Christianity, early history of : 78, 81-9, 92-9
Christianity, Eastern : 109, 115, 128, 141
Christianity, fragmentation of : 166-76
Christianity, liturgy of : x, 107, 125, 128
Christianity, myth and : xv, 115
Christianity, Orthodox : 28, 109, 117, 128, 141, 215
Christianity, reason and : 94, 106-10, 115, 215
Christianity, Roman persecution of, : 93-4, 103
Christianity, sacraments of : 86, 97-8, 103, 127, 161-2, 172
Christianity, see also specific Christian sects :
Christianity, spread of : 82-3, 93
Christianity, theology and traditions of : x, xvi, xvii-xviii, 28, 39, 82-9, 93-9, 103-29, 141-58
Church of England : 202, 214
Civil War, U.S. : 260
Clarke, I. E : 260
Clarke, Samuel : 207-8, 224
Clarkson, Laurence : 201
Clement of Alexandria : 104
Clifford, William Kingdon : 253, 301
Cloud of Unknowing, The (anonymous) : 156-8, 215
Colenso, John William : 249
Columbus, Christopher : 161, 165
Communist Manifesto (Marx and Engels) : 241
compassion, xvii : 24-6, 35, 42, 43, 45, 68, 74, 79-80, 99, 100, 117, 164, 217, 238, 318, 319
Comte, Auguste : 242
concentration : xiii, 61, 135, 164
Condorcet, Maria-Jean Caritat, Marquis de : 226, 233
Confessions (Augustine) : 119
Confucianism : 23, 25-6, 328
Confucius : 25, 60, 79, 308, 328, 330
Congregationalism : 245
consciousness : 7, 13, 80, 137
conservatism : 240, 270-1
Constantine the Great, Emperor of Rome : 103, 108
contemplation : xiv , 71, 72, 74, 96, 112, 113, 137, 141
Copernicus, Nicolaus : 176, 177-81, 182-3, 84-7, 192, 220, 227
Coppin, Richard : 201
cosmogony : 29, 34, 43, 45, 49-53
cosmology : 15, 17, 32, 34, 50, 176, 217
cosmos : 16, 18, 44, 49-53, 66, 69, 70, 74, 115, 171
Costa, Uriel da : 188
Cours de philosophie positive(Comte) : 242
Cox, Harvey : 289
creation : xvii, 23, 43, 50, 70, 100, 104-5, 123
creation, ex nihilo (from nothing) : 17, 70, 104-5, 106, 135
creation, intelligent : 192, 193, 207, 302, 304
creation science : xv, 275
creation stories : xv, 15, 16-18, 22, 27-30, 32, 43-5, 163-4
Critique of Pure Reason (Kant) : 227
Cromwell, Oliver : 201
Crusades : 139-40, 141, 326
cults : 14, 15, 29, 34, 38, 40, 53-7, 215-16
Cyclopaedia (Chambers) : 223
Cynicism : 73, 110
Cyril, Bishop of Jerusalem : 97-8
Cyrus, King of Persia : 46
Daniel : 83
Dao : xiv , 10, 13-14, 111, 118, 320
Daoism : xiii , 23, 294
Dark Ages : 121-2, 130, 273
"Darkling Thrush, The" (Hardy) : 260-1
Darrow, Clarence : 273
Darwin, Annie : 246
Darwin, Charles : 228, 245-7, 249, 250, 259, 302, 323
Darwinism : 247, 249, 253, 254, 260, 272, 324
David, King : 247
Davies, Paul : 310
Dawkins, Richard : xvi, xvii, 301-2, 304-7, 311, 323
death : xii, 7, 12, 14, 20, 42, 52, 89
death, contemplation of : 7, 54, 55-6, 65
death, fear of : 56, 57, 170
death, life after : 6, 11, 17, 56, 78, 82, 104, 224
death, preparation for : 65, 66
Declaration of Independence : 219
Declaration of the Rights of Man : 225
Deism : 193, 211-13, 214, 219, 220-1, 225, 235, 237
Deleuze, Gilles : 314
Demeter : 53-5
Demetrius : 55
democracy : 50-1, 201, 236-8
Democritus : 52-3, 73, 192, 193
Demophon : 54-5, 56
Dennett, Daniel : 302, 304
Denys the Areopagite : 123-9, 132, 136, 141, 142, 146, 147, 152, 155-6, 193, 194, 286-7, 315, 327
Denys the Carthusian : 158, 215
Derrida, Jacques : 312-13, 315
Descartes, Rene : 193-8, 199, 200, 202, 206, 212, 220, 221, 224, 226, 227, 266, 292, 321, 326
Descent of Man, The (Darwin) : 245-6
Deuteronomists : 36-9, 40, 41, 295
Deuteronomy, book of : 37-8
DeWette, Wilhelm : 240
Dewey, John : 266-
dialectic : 61, 62, 125-6, 136, 167, 233, 240, 241
Dialogues on the Two World Systems (Galileo) : 186-7
Dictionary of the Bible (Smith) : 249
Diderot, Denis : 221-3, 239
Diggers : 201, 213-14
Dionysus : 56, 64, 85, 104
Dio of Prusa : 56
Dirac, Paul : 309
Disciples of Christ : 236
disease : 88, 89, 170-1, 210
Divine Names, The (Denys) : 124
Divine Providence and the Immortality of the Soul (Lessius) : 192
divinity : xiii, xvi, 36, 57
divinity, human connection with : 9, 14, 39-40, 64, 66, 70, 104
divinity, symbols of : 12-13, 14-15, 38, 45
Divinity School of the University of Chicago : 271
Dixon, A. C. : 270-2
Dominican friars : 141, 154-5, 179-80, 182
Donne, John : 190-2
"Dover Beach" (Arnold) : 255
Dow, Lorenzo : 236
Draper, John William : 252, 255
Dwight, Timothy : 237
Eadmer of Canterbury : 134-5
Earth : 9-10, 15-16, 51, 70, 71, 176-8
Eastern Orthodox Church : 115
Eckhart, Meister : 154-5, 156, 215, 287, 312
economics, : xv , 53, 165, 166, 191, 213, 263
ecstasy (ekstasis) : 63-4, 116-17, 153-4, 200, 215, 231, 328
ecstasy (ekstasis), self-forgetfulnes in : xiii, xiv , 10, 57, 127
Eddington, Arthur Stanley : 265
Eden : 27-30, 32, 35, 41, 44, 95, 98, 254
Edict of Expulsion : 161-2
Edwards, Jonathan : 212, 238
ego : 67
ego, "stepping outside" of : xiii, xiv , 17, 21-2, 57
Egypt : 38-9, 53, 75, 110-11, 140
Egypt, Israelites' exodus from : 31, 32-4, 37, 41, 98
Eichhorn, Johann : 240
Einstein, Albert : 264-8, 286
Eleusinian Mysteries : 54-6, 60, 67, 123, 126, 128, 215, 286
Eliezer, Rabbi : 78, 89-90
Elijah : 86, 88, 89
Elohim : 14, 30, 43-4
Emile (Rousseau) : 219
Encyclopedia (Diderot) : 223
End ofFaith, The (Harris) : 305
energeiai ("energies"), divine : 11, 17, 19, 105, 114-15, 174
Enlightenment : 32, 88, 209-34, 238, 239, 246, 288, 289-90
Enuma Elish : 18-19, 29
Epicureanism : 73-4, 110, 138
Epicurus : 73, 94, 192
Erasmus, Desiderius : 166-7
Erigena, John Scotus : 128
Erring: A Postmodern A/theology (Taylor) : 313
Essays and Reviews : 247--9
Essence of Christianity, The (Feuerbach) : 240-1
Essenes : 78
Ethics of Belief (Clifford) : 253
Eucharist : 97, 98, 117, 127, 172
Euclid : 198, 199, 264, 321
Euripides : 57, 58, 327
Evagrius of Pontus : 110-12
Evangelicalism : 235-9, 243, 248-9, 272
evangelists : 83-4, 85-6, 88-9, 94, 106, 114
Eve : 27-30, 98, 122
evil : 29, 30, 53, 105, 175, 212
evolution, xvi : 4, 246-7, 249, 272-5, 294, 302
Examen de materialisme (Bergier) : 224-5
Exodus, book of : 41, 79
exorcism : 88
exploration, : 161, 165, 166, 167-8, 174
Exposition du systeme du monde (Laplace) : 227
Ezekiel : 40
Ezra : 46-8, 78, 81
faith, : xv, xvii , 63, 74, 77-102, 116, 187
faith, justification by : 170, 171
faith, reason and : 130-58, 211
Falwell, Jerry : 292
Farabi, Abu Nasr al- : 135, 137
Farrar, Frederic William : 249
fascism : 263
fasting : 13, 54, 55, 97, 99, 215
fear : 13, 122, 170, 171
fear, liberation from : 19, 22, 56, 57, 73-4
Ferdinand II, King of Castile : 161-2, 166
Feuerbach, Ludwig : xvi , 240-1, 257, 278
Feynman, Richard : 310
Finney, Charles Grandison : 238
fire : 12, 51, 53, 54-5, 56
Fire of Love, The (Rolle) : 152-3
First Cause, r : 6, 71, 143, 163, 189, 200, 224
First Great Awakening : 215
Flood : 36, 43, 249
Force and Matter (Buchner) : 255
Foscarini, Paolo : 185, 186
Fox, George : 201
France : 3-5, 14, 150, 191, 216, 220, 241
Franciscan friars : 140, 141, 146-51, 192-3, 326
Francis I, King of France : 166
Francis of Assisi : 140, 146
Franco-Prussian War : 260
Franklin, Benjamin : 211, 219, 235
French Revolution : 216, 219, 225, 228, 237, 240
Freud, Sigmund : xi, xvi , 20, 257-9, 312
Friedlander, Paul : 60
fundamentalism : 292-301
fundamentalism, Jewish : 294, 295
fundamentalism, Muslim : 271, 274, 293-301
fundamentalism, new atheists attack on : xvi-xvii, xviii, 142, 302-9
fundamentalism, Protestant : xv, 269-75, 292-3
fundamentalism, secular : 301
Future ofan Illusion, The (Freud) : 258-9
Galilei, Galileo : 182-7, 191, 192, 193, 202, 212, 227
Gay Science, The (Nietzsche) : 256
Genesis, book of : 34, 35-6, 117, 122, 124-5, 163, 179, 248, 324
Genesis, creation story in : xv, 15, 18, 29, 32, 35, 265, 274
gentiles : 82-3, 84, 86, 92, 103, 200
geometry, . : 53, 66, 181, 199, 203, 264
Germany, Nazi : 275-7, 280, 281, 306
Gerson, Jean de, : : 152
Ghazzali, Abu Hamid al- : 137-8
Gibbon, Edward : 213
Gikatilla, Joseph : 139
Gilbert, William : 179, 180
Glorious Revolution of 1688 : 216
Gnosticism, i : 18
God, as unknowable : 69, 119, 124, 131-2, 139, 142, 163-4
God, attributes and concepts of : ix-x, xv, xvi-xviii, 10, 24, 26, 35-6, 38, 75, 85, 87, 100-1, 105-11, 113-27, 131-9, 141-5
God, death of : 16, 256-7, 277, 280, 289-92, 313, 315
God, modern : x, xv, xvii-xviii, 10, 15, 122, 159-317
God, "nothingness" of : ix, x, xvi-xvii
God, premodern : x, xvii, 1-158
God, presence of : 82, 138, 148
God, "proofs" for existence of : 132, 134, 135, 142-6, 196, 204, 222, 226, 228
Godel, Kurt : 266
gods : 14-19, 34, 53-7, 115
gods, anthropomorphic : 50, 57, 136, 138
gods, mythological tales of : xi, xii, xv, 6, 16, 17-19, 29, 50, 51, 53-8
Golden Rule : 79, 82, 328
Goldstein, Baruch : 299
goodness : 58, 60, 65, 69, 75, 238-9
Gospel of Christian Atheism, The (Altizer) : 291
gospels : 81-9, 94, 97, 101, 106, 114, 167, 220, 236, 248, 254-5
gospels, see also specific gospels :
Gould, Stephen Jay : 302, 303
Gray, Asa : 246, 302
Great Depression : 263
Great Western Transformation : 166, 169
Greek Orthodox Church : 128, 130-1
Greeks, : xi, xiii, 20, 49-76
Greeks, democracy and city-states of : 50-1, 54, 58
Greeks, gods, myths, and religion of : 16, 50, 51, 53-8, 65-6, 69-70, 73-5, 88, 123, 136
Greeks, philosophy of : 49-53, 58-75, 81, 93, 94, 104, 105, 135, 140, 192
Greeks, rationalism of : 21, 49-54, 58, 62, 64, 69, 70-2, 140, 141, 150-1
Gregory, Bishop of Nyssa : 112-14, 115, 128
Gregory of Nazianzus : 115, 116-17
Guide to the Perplexed (Maimonides) : 139
Hadot, Pierre : 60
Haeckel, Ernst : 254-5, 301
Haldane, J. J. : 323
Haldeman, Isaac M. : 270-1
Hamilton, William : 291
Hamlet (Shakespeare) : 175
Hanina ben Dosa : 88
Hardt, Michael : 290
Hardy, Thomas : 260-1
Harris, Sam : xvi, 303, 305-6, 308
hatred : 23, 24, 80, 123
Hawking, Stephen : 310
Headquarters Nights (Kellogg) : 272
heart : xiii, 111, 132, 138, 214-15, 218-19, 255, 319
Hebert, Jacques : 225
Hebrew Bible : 75, 83, 92-3, 94-5, 174
Hebrew Bible, authorship of : 30-49, 94, 240, 247-8
Hebrew Bible, miracle stories in : xv, 32-3, 85-6, 88, 89-90
Hebrew Bible, see also Torah :
hedonism, Ii : 8
Hegel, George Wilhelm : 232-3, 240-1, 291
Heidegger, Martin : 11, 279-81, 283, 286, 314
Heisenberg, Werner : 264, 266
Hellenism : 55, 73, 75, 81, 83, 93
Henry, Joseph : 246
Henry IV, King of France : 190-1, 193
Henry VII, King of England : 166
Hephaestus : 50, 53
heresy : 107, 162, 174, 182, 192, 248
Herod the Great : 77, 91-2
Hierotheus, Bishop : 128
Higher Criticism of the Bible : 247-50, 270, 271, 272, 303
High God : x , 15-17, 34
Hilbert, David : 262, 263, 265
Hillel : 79
Hinduism : 80, 294
History of the Conflict Between Religion and Science, The (Draper) : 252
History of the Warfare of Science and Theology. in Christendom, A (White): 252
Hitchens, Christopher : xvi, 302, 303, 304, 308
Hitler, Adolf : 275, 295, 314
Hodge, Archibald : 249
Hodge, Charles : 247, 249, 274, 326
Holbach, Baron Paul Heinrich Dietrich d' : 223-4, 239, 302
Holiness Code : 40-1
Holmes, Gervase : 222
Holocaust : 275-8, 295
Holyoake, George : 250
Holy of Holies : 78, 79, 92
Holy Roman Empire : 191
Holy Spirit : 80, 82, 98, 104, 114-15, 265
Homer : 50, 75
Homo sapiens : 4, 245-6
Honi the Circle Drawer : 88, 89
Hooke, Robert : 202
Horne, George : 214
human beings : 9-10
human beings, evil inclination of : 29
human beings, first : 17, 18, 27-30
human beings, God's connection to : ix, 34-5, 39-42, 44, 71, 72, 75, 84-5, 103-4, 109-10
human beings, rationality of : 70, 75, 74
human beings, subjugation of : 51, 100, 239, 290
human beings, sufferings and limitations of : xii, 12, 14, 23, 28, 53, 318
humanism : 166-9, 176
human rights : 219
Hume, David : 226-7, 233, 263, 311
hunting : 4-7, 9, 11, 42-3
Hussein, Saddam : 297
Hutchinson, John : 214
Huxley, Thomas H. : 250-1, 253, 255
hymns : 12-13, 16, 18, 84-5, 128, 171
idolatry : x, 34, 36, 38, 39, 82, 104, 115, 136, 139, 142, 158, 198, 276, 318, 321-2
Ignatius of Loyola : 174
"Imagine" (Lennon) : 290, 306-7
Impiety of Deists, Atheists and Libertines of Our Time, The (Mersenne): 192-3
Incoherence of the Philosophers, The (al-Ghazzali) : 137
Index of Prohibited Books : 182
Industrial Revolution : 228, 240
Ingersoll, Robert G. : 251, 259-60
In Memoriam (Tennyson) : 244
Insight: A Study of Human Understanding (Lonergan) : 284
intellect : 71, 111, 120-1, 131, 141, 145, 152, 154, 217, 230, 244
intelligent design (ID) : 302, 304
Isaac : 31, 35, 85-6, 100, 199
Isabella I, Queen of Castile : 161-2, 166
Isaiah : 83
Ishmael : 101
Islam : 23, 131, 294, 322
Islam, Crusades against : 139-40, 141, 326
Islam, Ismaili sect of : 136
Islam, law of : 137-8
Islam, see also Muslims :
Islam, theology and traditions of : x, xvi , 99-102, 135-8
Islam, Western relations with : 139-40
Israel, : 54, 30, 37, 82, 86, 237
Israel, as Promised Land : 31, 33, 41, 79, 164
Israel, as the Holy Land : 94, 95, 293, 322
Israel, history of : 30-48
Israel, see also Jerusalem :
Israel, (modern) : 83, 292, 293, 295, 296, 299
Israelites : 14, 58, 26, 30-48, 85
Israelites, Babylonian captivity of : 40-2
Israelites, exodus from Egypt of : 31, 32-4, 37, 41, 98
Israelites, God's connection to : 39-42
Israelites, see also Jews; Judaism :
Jacob : 31, 34, 101, 199
Jainism : 23, 138
James I, King of England : 187
Jefferson, Thomas : 211, 212, 213, 219, 235, 236
Jeremiah : 83
Jerusalem, : 29, 30, 31, 35, 37, 40, 46-7, 84, 161
Jerusalem, Babylonian destruction of : 39
Jerusalem, Crusaders' capture of : 139
Jerusalem, Roman destruction of : 77, 78, 81, 83
Jerusalem Talmud : 92
Jesus of Nazareth : 81-9, 101, 105-6, 220, 237, 291
Jesus of Nazareth, ascension of : 142
Jesus of Nazareth, Messiah : 78, 82, 83, 84
Jesus of Nazareth, crucifixion of : 78, 82, 83, 98, 329
Jesus of Nazareth, disciples of : 82, 83-4, 85, 86-7, 97, 236
Jesus of Nazareth, divinity of : 83, 106, 108-9
Jesus of Nazareth, historical : 78, 81-2
Jesus of Nazareth, imitation of : 85, 140
Jesus of Nazareth, miracles of : 82, 86-7, 88-9
Jesus of Nazareth, mythical and symbolic status of : 84-9, 229
Jesus of Nazareth, prophetic accounts of : 83, 84, 89
Jesus of Nazareth, resurrection of : 78, 82, 83, 84, 86, 89
Jesus of Nazareth, as Son of God : 85, 86, 89, 103-4, 107, 118
Jesus of Nazareth, stories of : xii , 83-9
Jesus of Nazareth, teaching and mission of : 82, 86, 87, 95
Jesus of Nazareth, virgin birth of : 85-6
Jesus of Nazareth, Word incarnate : 94, 106, 108, 109, 148, 324
Jews : 75-8, 85, 275-8
Jews, Diaspora of : 40-1, 46, 82, 161-5
Jews, forced conversion of : 161-3, 188
Jews, philosophical movements of : 138-9, 140, 141, 164
Jews, secular : 187
Jews, see also Israelites; Judaism :
Jews, Spanish and Portuguese : 162-3, 188, 200, 256
jihad ideology : 101, 298-300
Joao II, King of Portugal : 162
John, gospel-of : 83, 94, 106, 114
John of the Cross : 152, 174, 181-2
John the Baptist : 236
Joseph, Saadia ibn : 138
Joshua : 31, 37, 38, 41
Joshua, Rabbi : 78, 79, 90
Josiah, King of Judah : 36-7, 38, 39
Journey of the Mind to God, The (Bonaventure) : 147, 148-9
Jowett, Benjamin : 248
joy : xii, xiv , 22, 24, 30, 71, 215
Joyce, James : 262
Judah, Kingdom of : 30, 36-7, 38-9
Judaism : 23, 26, 75-6, 77-81, 101, 102, 233
Judaism, attempted reform of : 36-8, 39, 78
Judaism, classical : 47-8
Judaism, early sects of : 78-99
Judaism, laws of : 41, 42-3, 46-7, 78, 79-80, 82, 89-90, 92, 162, 188
Judaism, liturgy of : 75-6, 78-81
Judaism, metaphysical dimension of : 138-9, 161, 163-4, 232, 233, 265, 325
Judaism, oral tradition in : 41, 91-3
Judaism, Orthodox : 200, 292
Judaism, Patriarchs of : 31-7, 92
Judaism, post-temple : 78-84, 89-93
Judaism, priests and scribes of : 37, 40-5, 46-7, 78
Judaism, Prophets of : 34, 37, 39, 45-6, 75, 81, 82-3, 84, 85, 88, 89, 92, 93, 101
Judaism, Rabbinic : 29, 78-84, 89-93, 94-5
Judaism, secret practice of : 162-3, 189
Judaism, theology and traditions of : x, xvi , 28, 30-48, 78-84, 89-93, 122, 162, 163
Julian of Norwich : 152, 155-6
Jung, Carl : xi
Justin : 94
Justinian, Emperor of Rome : 123, 128
Kabbalah : 139, 161, 163-4, 232, 233, 265, 325
Kahane, Meir : 299
Kant, Immanuel : 226-7, 233, 263, 311
Kapital, Das (Marx) : 241
Keats, John : 231, 327
Kellogg, Vernon L. : 272
KempeäMargery : 152
Kennedy, John F. : 191
kenosis, see self-forgetfulness :
Kepler, Johannes : 180-1, 182, 202-3, 227
Khomeini, Ayatollah Ruhollah : 298-9
Kidd, Benjamin : 272
Kindi, Yaqub ibn Ishaq al- : 135, 136
kindness : 74, 79, 100, 101, 112
Kingdom of God : 78, 82, 89, 220, 237, 239
King James Bible : 87-8
Knowing and Being (Polyani) : 285
knowledge : xv, 19, 27-8, 57, 61, 87, 218
knowledge, limits of : xviii, 29, 175
knowledge, thirst for : 28-9, 49
Kuhn, Herbert : 8-9
Kuhn, Thomas : 284-5
Laches : 65-2
Lamarck, Jean-Baptiste : 258
Lambdin, M. B. : 250
La Mettrie, Julien Offray de : 221
language : xiv, 318
language, limitations of : xiv , 13, 21, 26, 110, 116, 124, 125, 126, 142, 145, 148
language, power of : 59-20, 58-9
Laplace, Pierre-Simon de : 227
Lascaux cave art : 3-5, 7, 8, 10, 12
Latif, Isaac de : 139
Laws, The (Plato) : 69
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm : 198
Lennon, John : 290, 306-7
Leon, Moses de : 139
Lessius, Leonard : 191-2, 193, 228
Letter on the Blind for the Use of Those Who See, A (Diderot) : 222
Letters on Sunspots (Galileo) : 185
Letter to the Grand-Duchess Christina" (Galileo) : 184
Leucippus : 52, 73
Leuwenhoek, Anton van : 209
Levelers : 201, 206, 213
Levites : 46-7
Leviticus, book of : 41
Lewis, Curtis Lee : 272
liberty : 215-16, 219-20, 225, 237
light : 56, 68-9, 110, 119, 264
Locke, John : 198, 199, 209, 216, 219
Logic of Scientific Discovery, The (Popper) : 267
Logos, see reason; Word Lonergan, Bernard : 283-4
Louis XIV, King of France : 256, 220
love : ix, 42, 47, 79-80, 82, 91, 119, 121, 123, 131, 132
Lucretius : 192
Luke, gospel of : 83-4, 86, 89
Luria, Isaac : 163-4, 204, 277
Luther, Martin : 168-71, 173, 174, 179, 291
Lutheranism : 171, 173, 240
Lyell, Charles : 242-3, 249
Lyotard, Jean-Francois : 312
Magee, Bryan : 267
Maimonides : 138-9, 141, 325
Malebranche, Nicholas de : 206, 224
Man, a Machine (La Mettrie) : 221
Manetti, Gionozo : 168
Manichaeism : 118
Manuel I, King of Portugal : 162
Marcel, Gabriel : 286
Marduk : 18, 19, 38, 40, 43
Mark, gospel of : 83, 86, 89
Marranos : 162-3, 188-9, 200, 256
Marx, Karl : xvi , 241-2, 256-7, 312
Mass : x, 129, 172, 225, 298
Mass, liturgy of : 125, 130
Mass, as reenactment of life and death of Jesus : x, 172
materialism : 118, 237, 289
mathematics : xiv, 49, 53, 66, 70, 135, 176, 177-8, 180-1, 183, 200, 214, 217, 243, 262, 266
Mather, Cotton : 209-10, 212, 213
Mather, Increase : 209
Matthew, gospel of : 83, 86, 89
Maupertuis, Pierre-Louis Moreau de : 226
Maurice, Count of Nassau : 194
Mawdudi, Abu Ala : 298
Maximilian I, King of Bavaria : 194
Maximus the Confessor : 109, 110, 128, 141
Maxwell, James Clerk : 263
Mayhew, Jonathan : 213
McAlister, Alexander : 250
McCosh, James : 237-8
medicine : 88, 135, 176, 239
meditation : 61, 73, 74, 96, 104, 110, 111-12, 115, 117, 134
Meditations on First Philosophy (Descartes) : 197
Meir, Rabbi : 80
Melanchthon, Philipp : 179
Memoire (Meslier) : 220
Memorable Providences Relating to Witchcraft and Possessions (Mather) : 210
"Memorial" (Pascal) : 199
Mencken, H. L. : 273
Mersenne, Marin : 192-3, 197, 326
Meslier, Jean : 220
metaphysics : 135, 141, 142, 226, 242, 250
Methodism : 214, 215, 236, 250
Metrodorus : 74
Michelson, Albert : 263-4
midrash : 48, 81, 83, 86, 90-4, 94
Milesians : 49-52
Milestones (Qutb) : 297
Mill, John Stuart : 254, 260
Milvian. Bridge, Battle of : 103
miracles, : xvii , 220, 248, 294
miracles, in Hebrew Bible : xv, 32-3, 85-6, 88, 89-90
miracles, of Jesus : 82, 86, 88-9
Mishnah : 91-3
missionaries : 82, 174, 249
Mitchell, Leander W. : 250
monasteries : 131
monasteries, European culture preserved in : 121-2
monasteries, reform of : 96
monks : 96, 130-1, 158, 169-70
monks, Buddhist : 23, 24
monks, desert : 110-12
monks, ideals of : 110, 112, 130, 140, 141, 146
monks, reading and study of : 133-4
Monod, Jacques : 301, 306
monotheism : xvii, xviii, 14, 16, 23, 24, 26, 32, 45, 47, 99, 105
monotheism, see also Christianity; Islam; Judaism :
Montaigne, Michel-de : 175-6, 187, 193, 194, 195
Moody, Dwight Lyman : 249
Moody, Joel : 251
Moody Bible Institute : 249, 271
moon, Io-I I : 17, 43, 53, 57, 176, 177, 179, 183, 191-2, 202
morality : 35, 60, 66, 71, 238-9, 256, 272
Moral Majority : 292
Morley, Edward : 263-4
Morse, Jedidiah : 235
Mosaddeq, Muhammad : 296
Moses : 36-7, 39-40, 44, 46, 47, 84, 86, 90, 93, 101, 113, 126-7, 179, 247, 258
Moses, Israelites led from 'Egypt by : 31-4, 37, 41, 98
Moses, Torah given to : 47, 79, 90-3, 240
Moses and Monotheism (Freud) : 258
Mount Olympus : 16, 50, 54
Mount Sinai : 40, 78, 79, 81, 90-2, 113, 127
Muhammad ibn Abdullah, Prophet : xii , 99-101, 138, 329
Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran : 292, 296-7
music : xii-xiv, 8, 10, 22, 53, 64, 106, 319
music, sacred : 12-13, 128, 171-2
Muslims, : x, xvi, 99-102, 135-8, 329
Muslims, cultural flowering of : 135-7
Muslims, forced conversion of : 162
Muslims, fundamentalist : 271, 274, 293-301
Muslims, law of : 137-8
Muslims, philosophic tradition of : 135-9, 140, 141
Muslims, "proofs" of God's existence devised by : 135-7
Muslims, see also Islam :
Muslims, Shiite : 296, 298
Muslims, Sunni : 297
Mysteries : 231
Mysteries, Christian : 116
Mysteries, Greek : 63, 64, 67, 97, 123, 126, 128
Mysterium cosmographicum (Kepler) : 180
mystery : xv, xvii , 13, 54, 145
Mystery Cult : 54-6
mystery plays : xi
Mystical Theology (Denys) : 127, 156
mysticism : 56, 80-1, 112
mysticism, Islamic : 135-9
mysticism, Jewish : 138-9, 161, 163-4, 232, 233, 265, 325
mysticism, Roman Catholic : 152-4, 157-8, 174
Myth of Sisyphus, The (Camus) : 287-8
myth (mythos), : xi-xii, 5, 16, 170
myth (mythos), ceremonial reenactment' of, : xii, 5-7, 8, 53-6
myth (mythos), Christian, : xv-xvi, 115
myth (mythos), coping with life and death through, : xi, xii, 8, 28, 54, 55
myth (mythos), cosmological : 32, 34
myth (mythos), discrediting of, : xv, 38
myth (mythos), interpretation of, : xv, 5, 8
myth (mythos), as primitive psychology, : xi-xii, 6-7
myth (mythos), as program of action, : xii, 115
myth (mythos), ritual and, : xii, 8, 9, 15, 54-8
myth (mythos), stories of gods and heroes in, : xi, xii, xv, 6, 16, 17-19, 29, 50, 51, 53-8
Naples, University of : 141, 217
Napoleon I, Emperor of France : 225, 227
Nasser, Gamal Abdel : 297-8
nationalism : 38, 175, 276
naturalists (phusikoi) : 49-53, 59-60, 177-8
Natural Theology (Paley) : 227-8
natural world : 4, 104
natural world, laws of : 49, 50, 163, 189
natural world, philosophy based on : 49-53, 59-60, 104, 177-8, 207-9, 229-31
natural world, scientific knowledge of : 49-53, 59-60
natural world, study of : 74, 175
Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon : 39
Necessity of Atheism, The" (Shelley) : 229
Necho II, Pharaoh of Egypt : 38
Needham, John Turberville : 222
Negri, Antonio : 290
Neoplatonism : 104, 123
New Testament : 81, 83, 85-8, 92-3, 118, 325
New Testament, see also gospels; specific gospels :
New Testament, translations of : 87-8
Newton, Isaac : 202-7, 209-12, 214, 216, 220-2, 224, 227-9, 231, 233, 237, 263, 264-5
Nicaea, Council of : 108-9, 110, 254-5
Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm : xvi, 256-7, 260, 276, 290
Nirvana : xiv, 10, 23-4, 64, 111, 118, 328
Noah : 205, 254
nonviolence (ahimsa) : 22, 38, 42, 45, 82, 101, 130, 138
Northern Baptist Convention : 272
Norton, Charles Eliot : 251
nothingness : ix, x, xvi, 19, 104, 110, 114, 118
Numbers, book of : 41
Ockham, William of : 150-2, 158, 168, 171
October War (1973) : 295
O'Kelly, James : 236
Old Testament, see Hebrew Bible Old Testament Trinity, The (Rublev) : 117-18
On Religion: Speeches: to Its Cultured Despisers (Schleiermacher) : 231-2
On the Incarnation (Athanasius) : 108
On the Trinity (Augustine) : 119
Oresme, Nicolas : 151-2
Origen : 94-6, 104
Original Sin : 28, 122, 182, 211
Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, The (Darwin) : 245, 247, 248, 253
Osiander, Andreas : 178
Othello (Shakespeare) : 175
otherness : xiv, 42, 62
Ottoman Empire : 162-5
Oxford University : 149, 204, 216, 229, 248, 301
pagans : xvi, 39, 46, 79, 94, 103, 115
pain : 12, 20, 23, 28, 57, 73, 79
Paine, Thomas : 220, 236, 237
Paley, William : 227-8, 245, 302
Pape, Robert : 299-300
paradise : 15, 18, 27-8
Parmenides : 52, 53
Pascal, Blaise : 198-9, 255
Patrizi, Francesco : 182
Pattison, Mark : 248
Paul IV, Pope : 182
Paul of Tarsus : 82-5, 97, 105, 111, 114, 118-19, 123, 142, 167, 170, 219-20, 269
Paulsen, Friedrich : 254-5
peace : 29, 30, 73, 74, 84, 100
Peace of Westphalia : 201
Peloponnesian War : 58, 62
Penrose, Roger : 309
Pensees philosophiques (Diderot) : 221
Pentateuch, see Torah Pentecostalism : 269-70
People of the Book : 100-1
perfection : 72, 106, 177, 190, 196
Persephone : 53-4, 56
personality : 7, 12, 20-1, 66, 115, 175
Petrarch, Francesco : 167
Phaedrus (Plato) : 67
Pharisees : 78-81, 82, 91-2
Phenomenology of Mind, The (Hegel) : 232
Philo : 75, 94, 114
Philolaus : 177
Philosophical Dictionary (Voltaire) : 211
Philosophical Origins of Gentile Theology, The (Newton) : 205
philosophy, : xiv, xv, 23, 73, 118
philosophy, ancient perennial : 6-7, 67
philosophy, Greek : 49-53, 58-75, 93, 94, 104, 105, 135, 140, 192
philosophy, Muslim : 135-9, 140, 141
philosophy, Renaissance : 175-6, 190-208
philosophy, written vs. oral : 58-9, 68, 73
physics : 150, 176, 178, 179, 200, 202, 263-8, 309-10
Picasso, Pablo : 262
Pietism : 214-15, 236
Pigeon, Jean : 220-1, 222
pilgrimage : 99, 130, 140, 197
Pius V, Pope : 182
Pius XII, Pope : 275
Planck, Max : 264, 265
planets : 17, 71-2, 176-81, 183, 186, 202-3, 267
Plato : 63-4, 65-70, 71, 73, 75, 94, 135
Platonism : 73, 75, 104, 120-1, 132-3, 155, 182, 195
Plotinus : 104, 123, 135
Plutarch : 56
Pococke, Edward : 204
poetry, : xiv, 8, 13, 31, 131-2, 228-31, 244, 319
Polyani, Michael : 285-6, 306
Popper, Karl : 267-8, 284
populism : 235, 236
positivism : 242, 243, 269, 279, 316
poverty : 140, 141, 146, 39, 240
Powell, Baden : 248
Prado, Juan da : 189, 199
prayer : 12, 58, 61, 83, 86-7, 97, 99, 111, 128, 156, 215
prayer, as petition : ix, 16, 88
prayer, as support and justification : ix
prayer, as worship : 80, 132, 152-3
Prayers and Meditations (Anselm) : 134
preachers : 96, 173, 236, 238
Premontval, Andre-Pierre Le Guay de : 221
Presbyterianism : 16, 236
priests : 9, 16, 14, 85
priests, Brahmin : 13
priests, Israelite : 33, 34
priests, Roman Catholic : 192-3, 220, 222
Principia (Newton) : 205
Principles of Geology (Lyell) : 242
printing press : 171, 172, 173
Proclus : 57
Prometheus : 53
Prophet, see Muhammad ibn Abdullah, Prophet :
Proslogion (Anselm) : 131-2, 135
Protagoras : 57, 32
Protestantism : 119, 291
Protestantism, conservative; : 240, 270-1
Protestantism, reliance on scripture alone in : 171, 173, 174
Protestantism, see also specific Protestant sects and movements :
Protestant Reformation : 166, 168-73, 174-5, 182, 190
Proverbs, book of : 106
Psalms : 86, 122, 247
psyche, : xi, 19-21, 56.7, 95
psychology, : xi, 7, 226
Ptolemy : 176-7, 178, 179
Pucci, Francesco : 182
Puritans : 201, 210, 220, 326
Purusha myth : 17, 20
Pythagoras : 53, 65, 66, 94, 177, 196
Qaeda, al- : 299-300
Quakers : 201, 213
Qumran ascetics : 78, 83
Qur'an : x, 99-101, 135, 93-4, 295, 296, 323
Qutb, Sayyid : 297-8
Radical Theology and the Death of God (Hamilton) : 291
Rahner, Karl : 283
rationalism : 142, 205-6, 210, 319
rationalism, Greek : 21, 49-54, 58, 62, 64, 69, 70-2, 140, 141, 150-1
Razi, Muhammad ibn Zakaria ar- : 135
reason (logos) : 21, 28, 49-76, 120, 209
reason (logos), cause and effect demanded by : 72
reason (logos), Christianity and : 94, 106-10, 115, 215
reason (logos), cultivation of : 67
reason (logos), faith and : 130-58, 211
reason (logos), inadequacy of religious analysis through : xiii, xiv, xv-xvi, 26, 95
reason (logos), limitations of : xi, xiii, xiv, 74, 176
reason (logos), pragmatic uses of : xi, xv, 20
reason (logos), Western society and : 28, 49
religion, acquiring "knack" of : xiii-xiv, xv
religion, authentic experience of : xvii, 13, 112
religion, connection of art and : 8, 117-18
religion, decline of : 235-61, 289-92
religion, inadequacy of rational thought on : xiii, xiv, xv-xvi, 26, 95
religion, modern, : x, xv, xvii-xviii, 10, 15, 122, 159-317
religion, practical action and discipline of : xii-xiii, xv, xvii, xviii, 8, 10, 26, 55, 81, 318-19
religion, premodern : x, xvii, 1-158
religion, Renaissance : 166-75, 187-9
religion, revival of : xviii, 215, 235-9, 292-5
religion, science and : xv, xviii, 135, 161-210, 225, 228, 242-3, 252-5
religion, truth and : xii, xiii, xv, xvii, 10, 20, 51, 80, 96, 129
Renaissance : 166-208
Republic, The (Plato) : 68-9
Republican Methodists : 236
revelation, : xv, xvii, 47-8, 56, 78, 83, 90-1, 92-3, 109-10, 122, 142, 220
Revelation, book of : 295
revolutionibuc, De (Copernicus) : 176, 178, 186, 187
Riddle of the Universe, The (Haeckel) : 254-5
Rig Veda : 12-13, 16
Riley, William B. : 250, 271-2
ritual : 4, 16, 18, 19, 53, 84, 215
ritual, discrediting of : xv, 9, 16, 171
ritual, initiation : 7-8, 54-7, 67-8, 95-9
ritual, myth and, : xii, 8, 9, 15, 54-8
ritual, purification : 42, 78
ritual, religious ideas product of : 9
ritual, sacrificial : 6, 42, 75, 136
ritual, secret : 55
ritual, slaughter : 42
ritual, translating: doctrine into : xiii, xvii, 46-8
Robert Elsmere (Ward) : 248
Robespierre, Maximilien : 225
Rolle, Richard : 152-4, 156
Roman Catholic Church : 119, 190-3, 225, 275, 326
Roman Catholic Church, catechism of : 173-4, 287
Roman Catholic Church, corruption in : 169
Roman Catholic Church, education and parish organization in : 163, 174
Roman Catholic Church, forced conversion to : 161-3
Roman Catholic Church, hierarchy of : 173-4, 182, 183
Roman Catholic Church, post-Tridentine : 183, 187
Roman Catholic Church, reduced influence of : 66, 172-3
Roman Catholic Church, reform of : 172-5, 191
Roman Catholic Church, religious orders in : 130, 140-1, 146, 154-5, 174
Roman Catholic Church, 1277 Condemnations by : 150-1
Roman Empire : 168
Roman Empire, Christian persecution in : 93-4, 103
Roman Empire, decline of : 121-2
Roman Empire, destruction of the Second Temple : 77, 78, 79, 83, 88, 91-2
Roman Empire, occupation of Jerusalem by : 77-9
Roman Empire, pagan religion of : 93, 103
Romantic movement : 228-33
Rome : 176, 183-7, 191
Rome, destruction of : 121, 122, 128, 130, 140
Rousseau, jean-Jacques : 218-19
Royal Society : 206-7, 209, 240
Rubenstein, Richard : 277
Rublev, Alexander : 117-18
Rumi, Jalal ad-Din : 138
Ruysbroek, Jan van : 152
Sabbath : 42, 44, 294
sacred geography : 14-15, 27, 29
sacrifice : 6, 16, 17, 35, 38, 42, 65-6, 75, 136
Sadat, Anwar al- : 292
Salem witch trials : 210
salvation : 122, 211
Sanderson, Nicolas : 222
Sartre, Jean-Paul : 287
Satan : 98, 210, 237
Schleiermacher, Friedrich : 231-2, 240
science, : x , 88
science, Aristotelian : 70-2
science, criteria of, : xv, 172, 246
science, Greek : 49-53, 59-60, 70-2, 135, 140, 177
science, induction and calculation in : 214
science, invention and discovery in : 165-6, 171, 183-7, 199, 202-8, 209, 263-8
science, natural : 49-53, 59-60, 147
science, religion and : xv, xviii, 135, 161-210, 225, 228, 242-3, 252-5
science, Renaissance : 53, 166-7, 170, 176-87, 202-8
science, seventeenth-century revolution in : 53, 166, 170
science, truth and, : xii, xiii, xv, xvii, 10, 20, 51, 80, 96, 129
science, Western tradition of : 49, 51, 71
Science of Power, The (Kidd) : 272
Scopes, John : 272-4, 295
Scotus, John Duns : 149-51, 152, 158, 168, 171
scriptures, : xvii
scriptures, allegorical view of : 95-6
scriptures, literal interpretation of : x-xi, xv , 28, 94, 95, 238
scriptures, see also specific religious scriptures seances : 5
scriptures, mysteries of : 96-8
Sebond, Raymond : 175
Second Great Awakening : 235-9
Second International Congress of Mathematicians : 262
Second Isaiah : 45-6
Second Temple : 46, 47, 81
Second Temple, Roman destruction of : 77, 78, 79, 83, 88, 91-2
Secular City, The (Cox) : 289
secularism : xviii , 97, 166, 175, 250, 295, 297
Secular Meaning of the Gospel, The (Van Buren) : 291
Sedgwick, Adam : 243
Self (atman) : 19, 20-1, 23, 111, 115
self-forgetfulness (kenosis) : xiii, xiv, 17, 20, 21-2, 57, 74, 126, 154-5, 163, 219, 257, 319, 323
selfishness : 20, 100
self-knowledge : 61, 64
sex : 54
sex, abstaining from : 6
sex, joy of : 10, 23, 122
sex, linking of sin and : 122
Shakespeare, William : 87, 175, 187
shalom : 29, 30, 84
shamanism : 5
Shekhinah (divine presence) : 78, 80, 92, 94, 164, 316
Shelley, Percy Bysshe : 229, 230
Shipley, Maynard : 273
Short Treatise on God (Spinoza) : 200
Shvetaketu : 19-20
Sidereal Messenger, The (Galileo) : 183, 191
Sijistani, Abu Yaqub al- : 136
silence, : xviii, 13, 21-2, 26, 59, 102-29, 218
silence, spirituality and : 110, 112, 123, 139, 140-1, 187
Silenus : 64, 65
sin : 80, 82, 109, 122
sin, atonement for : 79
Sina, Abu Ali ibn, see Avicenna :
Sinai desert : 41, 47, 95
Six-Day War (1967) : 296
skepticism : 52, 62, 86, 187, 194, 221
Sky Gods : 15, 136, 257, 328
slavery : 51, 100, 239
Smart, J. J. C. : 323
Smethurst, Arthur F. : 265
Smith, Adam : 213
Smith, William : 249
Society of Friends : 201
Society of Jesus : 174, 183, 185, 191, 221, 283-4
Socrates : 58-66, 91, 94, 104, 318-19, 322-3
Socrates, death of : 58, 59, 62, 65, 69
Socrates, rationalist tradition of : xvii, 58, 62, 64, 309
Socrates, virtue taught by : 58, 60-1, 62, 64, 65
Solomon, King : 29, 30
Song of Songs : 91
Song of the Sea : 33
soul, : xi, 56, 66, 68, 69, 70, 104, 113, 134, 224
Spain : 4, 139, 140, 161-2, 165, 166, 173-4, 188
Spanish Inquisition : 162, 174
Spencer, Herbert : 206
Spinoza, Baruch : 199-200, 206, 207, 216
Spiral Staircase, The (Armstrong) : xvii
Spirit : 12, 74, 75, 80, 95, 111, 114-15, 121, 229-30, 232-3
spiritual exercises : 13, 19, 20, 53, 60, 61, 71, 75, 80, 83, 96, 110-12, 125-6, 135, 179-80, 214
Spiritual Exercises (Ignatius of Loyola) : 174
spirituality, : xvii, 10, 19, 40, 54, 65, 73, 78, 102, 110, 138, 158, 215
spirituality, silence and : 110, 112, 123, 139, 140-1, 187
spirituality, theology vs. : 152-8
sports, : xii, xiii, 10
stars : 11, 12, 17, 43, 57, 71, 72, 176-7, 179
Steiner, George : xiv-xv
Stewart, Lyman : 250
Stoicism : 73, 74, 94, 110, 138, 192
Stone, Barton Warren : 236
Structure of Scientific Revolutions, The (Kuhn) : 284
Sufis : 138-9
Suhrawardi, Yahya : 138
Sukkoth : 47, 48
Summa Theologiae (Thomas Aquinas) : 142-6
sun : 17, 43, 53, 68-9, 176-81, 204, 264
supernatural : 9, 213, 273
superstition : 136, 174, 198, 210, 211, 236, 253-4, 259
Supreme Being : 26, 198, 225, 281
Suso, Henry : 152
symbolism, : x, xvii, 4-5, 9, 10-11, 12-13, 57
Symposium (Plato) : 63-4
synagogues : 93, 163, 189
System ofNature, The (d'Holbach) : 223-4
Tabernacle Document : 40, 44
Table Talk (Luther) : 179
Talmud, : 303
Talmud, Rabbis of : 29, 78-84, 89-93, 94-5
Talmud, see also Babylonian Talmud (Bavli); Jerusalem Talmud :
Tauler, Johannes : 152
Taylor, Mark C. : 313
technology, : xv, 165, 239, 243, 257, 275, 291
Telesio, Bernardino : 182
Temple Mount : 29
Temple of Solomon : 29, 30, 37, 46
temples : 4, 14, 16, 33-4, 38, 44, 75-6
temples, cults of : 29, 78
temples, rituals of : 78, 79, 8,
temples, see also Second Temple; Temple of Solomon :
temples, ziggurat towers of : 18, 29
Tennyson, Alfred, Lord : 244
Teresa of Avila : 152, 174
terrorism : ix, xvi
Thales : 51, 52-3
theism : xvi, 105, 211, 314
Theodore, Bishop of Mopsuestia : 98-9
theology, : xv, 55, 69
theology, a discipline of words : x
theology, medieval, : x-xi
theology, natural : 149-50
theology, see also specific religions :
theology, spirituality vs. : 152-8
Thesmophoria festival : 53-4
Thirty Years' War : 191, 194, 201, 207, 209, 212
Thomas Aquinas : 141-6, 147, 152, 182, 185, 187, 191, 193, 196, 206, 287
Thomas Aquinas, five "proofs" for the existence of God by : 142-6, 204
thought : xix, 67, 71, 72, 195-6
Tiamat : 18, 38, 43
Tillich, Paul : 281-3, 291, 307, 309, 314, 320-1, 322
Tillotson, John, Archbishop of Canterbury : 207
Timaeus (Plato) : 69-70
Times, The (London) : 248
Tindal, Matthew : 211
Titus (Roman general) : 77
Toland, John : 211, 213, 216
Tolstoy, Leo : 279, 296
Torah : 31, 32, 38, 41, 78-80, 89-90, 163, 164, 188, 240, 249, 272-3, 316
Torah, commandments of : 79, 80
Torah, interpretation and discourse on : 46-8, 79-81, 82, 83, 89-93
Torah, Moses's reception of : 47, 79, 90-3, 240
Torah, see also Hebrew Bible :
Torah, written vs. oral : 91-3
Torrey, Reuben A. : 271-2
Totem and Taboo (Freud) : 258
Tractatus logico philosophicus (Wittgenstein) : 268
transcendence : 11, 12, 19, 26, 36, 62, 67, 68, 142, 238, 283, 318
transcendence, seeking of : xiii-xiv, 9, 14, 53, 81, 113
Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil : 27-8
Trembley, Abraham : 222
Trent, Council of : 173-4, 186
Trinity : 114-19, 120-1, 124, 148, 156, 181, 204, 205, 214
Trois Freres labyrinth : 8-9
Trojan Women (Euripedes) : 58
truth : 13, 24, 71, 81, 187, 206
truth, changing of : 93
truth, quest for : xii, xiii , 21, 52, 61, 127, 212
truth, religious : xii, xiii, xvii, 10, 20, 80, 96, 129
truth, scientific : xii, xiii, xv, xvii, 10, 20, 51, 80, 96, 129
Uddalaka Aruni : 19-20
unconscious : 20, 56-7
United States, Enlightenment and : 210-11, 219-20, 238, 239
United States, frontier in : 235, 236-8
United States, middle classes in : 238
United States, religion in : xvi, 209-11, 212-13, 235-9, 249-50, 269-72, 281-5
Universal Mathematics : 195, 198
Universal Mechanics : 202-3, 204, 207
universe : 49
universe, creation of : 29, 49, 104-5, 114
universe, heliocentric vs. geocentric theories of : 176-87
universe, order and laws of : 49, 50, 70, 75, 209, 210, 211
universe, see also cosmos; Earth; planets; stars unknowing; : xiv, 20, 74, 158, 262-88, 316
unleavened bread (mazzoth) : 33
Upanishads : 19-21, 27, 111, 118
Urban VIII, Pope, see Barbarini, Maffeo :
Valla, Lorenzo : 167
Van Buren, Paul : 291, 314
Vandals : 122
Vater, Johann : 240
Vattimo, Gianni : 313-14, 316
Venus of Laussel : 10-11
Vesalius, Andreas : 167
Vespasian, Emperor of Rome : 77, 78
Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (Chambers) : 243-4
Vico, Giambattista : 216-18
Victoria Institute : 249
Virgin Mary : 156
virtue : 58, 60-2, 64-6, 237, 239
Visigoths : 121
Vogt, Karl : 254, 255, 257, 301
Voltaire : 211-12, 213, 220, 222-3
Wallace, Alfred Russel : 246
Ward, Lester : 253-4
Ward, Mrs. Humphry : 248
Warfield, Benjamin : 249
Washington, George : 219
water : 11, 51, 89, 122, 222
Wesley, John : 215
White, Andrew Dixon : 252
Wiesel, Elie : 277
Wilberforce, Samuel : 253
William II "Rufus, " King of England : 131
wisdom, : 59, 75, 83, 104, 106
wisdom, quest for : 57, 60, 63-4, 74
Wittgenstein, Ludwig : 268, 279
women : 54, 71, 92, 122, 174
women, linking the moon and : 10-11
women, pregnancy and childbirth of : 10, 11, 28
women, subjugation of : 51, 290
Woolf, Virginia : 262
Word : 75, 83, 92, 106, 118, 142, 181
Word, Jesus incarnation of : 94, 106, 108, 109, 148, 324
Wordsworth, William : 229-31
World War I : 260, 263, 269-270, 281
World War II : 275-8, 289
Xenophanes : 57
Yahweh : 18, 26-35, 38-40, 43-6, 72, 86, 106
Yajnavalkya : 21
Yam : 18, 43
Yan Hui : 25-6, 326
yoga : 21-2, 23, 61, 80, 111, 112, 135
Yohanan ben Zakkai, Rabbi : 78-9, 80
Zealots : 77, 78
zen : 153
Zeno : 73, 74, 94
Zeus, : 16, 50, 53-4, 57-8, 85
Zhuangzi, : xiii
Zinzendorf, Nicholas Ludwig von : 214
Zionism : 292, 299
Zwingli, Huldrych : 168-9, 170-1, 173, 174

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